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9. Okt. Beide waren sie Präsident der USA: George Herbert Walker Bush und sein Sohn George W. Bush. Kurz vor den Präsidentschaftswahlen im. Alle Präsidenten der Vereinigten Staaten von Amerika (einschließlich der Südstaaten-Konföderation) mit Abbildungen und Kurzportraits. Die Liste der Präsidenten der Vereinigten Staaten führt die Staatsoberhäupter in der .. April Januar , nicht besetzt (aufgerückt). Alben W. Barkley .. Peter Schäfer: Die Präsidenten der USA in Lebensbildern, Komet, 2. Archived from slot games design original on August 7, Kennedy in Dallas bei einem Attentat ermordet, das bis heute nicht restlos aufgeklärt ist und um das sich bis in die Gegenwart zahlreiche Verschwörungstheorien ranken. Retrieved June 14, merkur casino online free As had become customary, he and his wife moved into the Vice President's residence at Number One Observatory Circleabout two miles from the White House. John Tyler Succeeded to presidency. Nach seiner Amtseinführung führte er das Spoils-System ein, also die personelle Neubesetzung von Ämtern der Bundesbehörden. He is the nation's oldest living president and vice presidentas well as the longest-lived president in history. Little, Brown and Company. Hodel —85 John S. This list is incomplete ; you can help by expanding it. Bush grandfather George Herbert Walker grandfather Millie family dog. Inthe Irland deutschland em quali 2019 administration was shaken by a scandal when it was revealed that administration officials had secretly arranged weapon sales to Iran. The Presidency of George Bush 2nd ed. At the outset of was kostet lotto spielen primary raceBush focused heavily on winning the January 21 Iowa caucuses ; five months earlier he had won Beste Spielothek in Hinsel finden Iowa Straw Poll. Bush groped her during photo op".
Cleveland ist der einzige Präsident, der nach einer Unterbrechung erneut in das Amt gewählt wurde. Er erhöhte die Schutzzölle und betrieb eine Politik, die auf der Laissez-faire -Theorie beruht.
In seine Amtszeit fiel das Ende des Gilded Age. William Howard Taft — Taft bemühte sich, die von seinem Vorgänger eingeleiteten Reformen zu konsolidieren.
Dabei geriet er in einen innerparteilichen Konflikt zwischen verschiedensten Interessensgemeinschaften. Für seine Bemühungen um den Völkerbund erhielt er den Friedensnobelpreis.
In seine zweite Amtszeit fielen auch die landesweite Einführung der Alkoholprohibition — gegen sein Veto — sowie die Einführung des Frauenwahlrechts — mit seiner Unterstützung.
Aufgrund zahlreicher Skandale, in die auch Mitglieder seiner Regierung verwickelt waren, gilt seine Präsidentschaft als wenig erfolgreich.
Die endgültigen Umstände seines Todes sind wegen einer auf Wunsch seiner Frau Florence ausgebliebenen Autopsie bis heute nicht geklärt.
Wie seine beiden republikanischen Vorgänger steht auch Hoover für eine Wirtschaftspolitik nach dem Laissez-faire -Prinzip. Da es seiner Regierung nicht gelang, die Folgen der Wirtschaftsdepression abzumildern, bleib seine Wiederwahl ein aussichtsloses Unterfangen.
Inoffiziell wurden die Alliierten frühzeitig militärisch unterstützt Leih- und Pachtgesetz. Vielleicht wegen dieser Erfahrung trieb Franklin D.
Roosevelt erheblich die Gründung der Vereinten Nationen voran. Er war der Einzige, dessen Präsidentschaft länger als zwei Amtszeiten währte.
Die zuvor als informelles Prinzip geltende Beschränkung wurde erst mit einer Verfassungsänderung im Jahre formales Gesetz.
Truman, der erst 82 Tage vor seinem Amtsantritt zum Vizepräsidenten vereidigt worden war, sah sich unmittelbar nach seiner Amtsübernahme aufgrund Roosevelts Tod mit zahlreichen wichtigen Ereignissen und Entscheidungen konfrontiert: Während der Präsidentschaft von Truman begann die McCarthy-Ära , in der das Komitee für unamerikanische Umtriebe Jagd auf tatsächliche oder vermeintliche Kommunisten machte.
Ab ordnete er die militärische Intervention im Koreakrieg an, in dem die USA dem antikommunistischen Süden zur Hilfe kamen, der vom Norden angegriffen worden war.
Das Problem der ungleichen Rechte von Afroamerikanern rückte durch seine kontrovers diskutierte präsidiale Anordnung , die Rassentrennung im Militär zu beenden, erstmals in den öffentlichen Blickpunkt.
Der ursprünglich parteilose Eisenhower, der wichtigste US-Kommandeur im Zweiten Weltkrieg, wurde nach Trumans Verzicht auf eine erneute Kandidatur aufgrund seiner enormen Popularität in der Bevölkerung von beiden Parteien als Kandidat umworben.
Obwohl seine Präsidentschaft in eine Zeit der ideologischen Polarisierung im Kalten Krieg fiel, agierte Eisenhower in vielem erstaunlich differenziert und weitsichtig.
Er setzte dem Treiben des Senators Joseph McCarthy ein Ende, betrieb im Gegensatz zu seinen Nachfolgern eine ausgewogene Nahostpolitik und warnte in seiner Abschiedsrede an das amerikanische Volk eindringlich vor den Gefahren des militärisch-industriellen Komplexes.
Sogar seinem konservativen Vizepräsidenten Richard Nixon stand Eisenhower, der bis zum Ende seiner Amtszeit von den Amerikanern geliebt und bewundert wurde, kritisch gegenüber und fügt ihm im Wahlkampf gegen Kennedy durch eine abfällige Bemerkung gegenüber Journalisten erheblichen Schaden zu.
Innenpolitisch bemühte sich Kennedy um Reformen und unterstützte die Bürgerrechtsbewegung , die die Aufhebung der Rassentrennung forderte.
Tatsächliche innenpolitische Erfolge konnten allerdings nicht erzielt werden. November wurde John F. Kennedy in Dallas bei einem Attentat ermordet, das bis heute nicht restlos aufgeklärt ist und um das sich bis in die Gegenwart zahlreiche Verschwörungstheorien ranken.
Durch den von ihm im Kongress durchgesetzten Civil Rights Act von wurde die öffentliche Rassentrennung abgeschafft und die Gleichberechtigung der Afroamerikaner staatlich gewährleistet.
Die Verabschiedung der öffentlichen Krankenversicherungen Medicare und Medicaid sowie Reformen im Bildungswesen waren weitere Schwerpunkte.
Allerdings wurde die Präsidentschaft auch durch den Vietnamkrieg geprägt, gegen den sich zunehmend mehr und mehr Teile der Bevölkerung stellten, da es den US-Streitkräften vor allem aufgrund militärischer Fehleinschätzungen nicht gelang, den Krieg gegen die kommunistischen Nordvietnamesen siegreich zu beenden.
Weil die von ihm gewählte Taktik der Flächenbombardements keinen Erfolg zeigte, sah sich Nixon in Vietnam zu einem Friedensschluss gedrängt, der faktisch einer Kapitulation gleichkam.
Diese Situation zwang ihn zu einer aktiven Entspannungspolitik und er unternahm Gesprächsreisen nach Moskau und Peking.
Innenpolitische Leistungen waren die Gründung von Amtrak , der nationalen Wetter- und Ozeanbehörde und der Drogenverfolgungsbehörde.
Letztlich ist der Name Nixon jedoch dauerhaft mit der Watergate-Affäre verbunden, die zum bisher einzigen Rücktritt eines Präsidenten führte.
Ford war der bisher einzige Präsident, der nie durch vom Volk bestimmte Wahlmänner gewählt oder bestätigt wurde.
Als Nixon seinerseits zurücktreten musste, folgte ihm Ford in das Amt nach. Kontrovers war die Begnadigung , die er Nixon für jegliches im Amt möglicherweise begangene Vergehen erteilte.
Ford versuchte erfolglos der Rezession und Inflation Herr zu werden. In der angestrebten Wiederwahl im November scheiterte er relativ knapp an seinem demokratischen Herausforderer Jimmy Carter.
Seine Bemühungen, die Geiselnahme von Teheran und die sowjetische Invasion Afghanistans durch nichtmilitärische Mittel zu beenden, schlugen jedoch fehl.
Auch das innenpolitische Engagement im Bereich der Energie-, Bildungs- und Umweltpolitik brachte keine Wende in der Wirtschafts- und Gesellschaftskrise.
Clinton widmete sich mit verschiedenen Reformen der Bekämpfung von Drogenmissbrauch, Waffengewalt und Armut. Zu seinen primären Zielen gehörte die Senkung der Staatsverschuldung und die Einführung einer allgemeinen Krankenversicherung.
Bush wurde mit einem der knappsten Ergebnisse in der Geschichte der Vereinigten Staaten zum Präsidenten gewählt: Nach den Terroranschlägen vom Aufgrund immenser Verluste am Immobilienmarkt kam es an den Börsen weltweit zu Verwerfungen, infolge derer eine Reihe von Finanzinstituten u.
Lehman Brothers in die Insolvenz gingen. Er übernahm das Amt während einer globalen Finanzkrise und setzte als eine seiner ersten Amtshandlungen ein Konjunkturprogramm mit einem Volumen von Milliarden Dollar durch.
Im November wurde Obama für eine zweite Amtszeit bestätigt. Auch bei den Atomverhandlungen mit dem Iran war er um einen Ausgleich bemüht und es gelang ihm, ein entsprechendes Abkommen zu erzielen.
Vor allem zum Ende seiner Amtszeit war Obama besonders um den Klimaschutz bemüht. Senator Bob Dole of Kansas , U. Bush was considered the early frontrunner for the nomination, but he came in third in the Iowa caucus, behind winner Dole and runner-up Robertson.
Following the primary, Bush and Dole had a joint media appearance, when the interviewer asked Dole if he had anything to say to Bush, Dole said, in response to the ads, "yeah, stop lying about my record!
This is thought to have hurt Dole's campaign to Bush's benefit. Bush continued seeing victory, winning many Southern primaries as well.
As the Republican National Convention approached, there was much speculation who Bush would choose to be his running mate. He selected little-known U.
Senator Dan Quayle of Indiana , who was favored by conservatives. Bush was occasionally criticized for his lack of eloquence when compared to Reagan, but he delivered a well-received speech at the Republican National Convention.
Known as the " thousand points of light " speech, the presentation described Bush's vision of America. He endorsed the Pledge of Allegiance , capital punishment , and gun rights , and drew upon his long-standing Christian beliefs to support both prayer in schools and opposed abortion.
The general election campaign between the two men was described in as one of the dirtiest in modern times. Dukakis's unconditional opposition to capital punishment led to a pointed question being asked during the presidential debates.
Moderator Bernard Shaw asked Dukakis if Dukakis would hypothetically support the death penalty if his wife, Kitty , were raped and murdered.
Bush defeated Dukakis and his running mate, Lloyd Bentsen , in the Electoral College , by to Bentsen received one vote from a faithless elector.
Bush was inaugurated on January 20, , succeeding Ronald Reagan. He entered office at a period of change in the world; the fall of the Berlin Wall came early in his presidency, the collapse of Soviet Union came in I come before you and assume the Presidency at a moment rich with promise.
We live in a peaceful, prosperous time, but we can make it better. For a new breeze is blowing, and a world refreshed by freedom seems reborn; for in man's heart, if not in fact, the day of the dictator is over.
The totalitarian era is passing, its old ideas blown away like leaves from an ancient, lifeless tree. A new breeze is blowing, and a nation refreshed by freedom stands ready to push on.
There is new ground to be broken, and new action to be taken. Early in his term, Bush faced the problem of what to do with leftover deficits spawned during the Reagan years.
Bush was dedicated to curbing the deficit, believing that America could not continue to be a leader in the world without doing so.
He began an effort to persuade the Democratic controlled Congress to act on the budget; with Republicans believing that the best way was to cut government spending , and Democrats convinced that the only way would be to raise taxes , Bush faced problems when it came to consensus building.
In the wake of a struggle with Congress, Bush was forced by the Democratic majority to raise tax revenues; as a result, many Republicans felt betrayed because Bush had promised "no new taxes" in his campaign.
Scrambling, Bush accepted the Democrats' demands for higher taxes and more spending, which alienated him from Republicans and gave way to a sharp decrease in popularity.
Bush would later say that he wished he had never signed the bill. Although he originally demanded a reduction in the capital gains tax , Bush relented on this issue as well.
This agreement with the Democratic leadership in Congress proved to be a turning point in the Bush presidency; his popularity among Republicans never fully recovered.
Coming at around the same time as the budget deal, America entered into a mild recession, lasting for six months.
Many government programs, such as welfare, increased. Many now unemployed were Republicans and independents, who had believed that their jobs were secure.
By his second year in office, Bush was told by his economic advisors to stop dealing with the economy, as they believed that he had done everything necessary to ensure his reelection.
By , interest and inflation rates were the lowest in years, but by midyear the unemployment rate reached 7.
In September , the Census Bureau reported that On April 5, , Bush submitted to Congress the Educational Excellence Act of , a seven program education legislative proposal with the intent of achieving "a better-educated America.
In a speech in the White House East Room on April 18, , Bush called for both public and private citizens to become involved with education reform: It's time we held our schools, and ourselves, accountable for results.
Bush concurrently declared he would be involved with a reform of troubled schools and charged the Democrat-controlled Congress with "fighting tooth and nail against our most important reforms".
During a speech to commemorate the 20th anniversary of the Apollo 11 moon landing, Bush announced a vision to complete Space Station Freedom , resume exploration of the Moon and begin exploration of Mars.
During his presidency, Bush signed a number of major bills into law, including the Americans with Disabilities Act of ; this was one of the most pro- civil rights bills in decades.
He is also the only president to successfully veto a civil rights act, having vetoed the job-discrimination protection Civil Rights Act of He also signed the Radiation Exposure Compensation Act which provides monetary compensation of people who had contracted cancer and a number of other specified diseases as a direct result of their exposure to atmospheric nuclear testing undertaken by the United States during the Cold War , or their exposure to high levels of radon while doing uranium mining.
In dealing with the environment, Bush reauthorized the Clean Air Act , requiring cleaner burning fuels. He quarreled with Congress over an eventually signed bill to aid police in capturing criminals, and signed into law a measure to improve the nation's highway system.
Bush became a life member of the National Rifle Association early in and had campaigned as a "pro-gun" candidate with the NRA's endorsement. Bush publicly resigned his life membership in the organization after receiving a form letter from NRA depicting agents of the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms as "jack-booted thugs.
President Bush devoted attention to voluntary service as a means of solving some of America's most serious social problems. He often used the " thousand points of light " theme to describe the power of citizens to solve community problems.
In his inaugural address, President Bush said, "I have spoken of a thousand points of light, of all the community organizations that are spread like stars throughout the Nation, doing good.
They are ordinary people who reach beyond themselves to touch the lives of those in need, bringing hope and opportunity, care and friendship.
By giving so generously of themselves, these remarkable individuals show us not only what is best in our heritage but what all of us are called to become.
In , the Points of Light Foundation was created as a nonprofit organization in Washington to promote this spirit of volunteerism.
The event celebrated the contributions of more than 4, Daily Point of Light award winners and honored President Bush's legacy of service and civic engagement.
Bush and volunteer service at Washington, D. Bush to highlight the role volunteer service plays in people's lives.
President Bush created the Daily Point of Light Award in to recognize ordinary Americans from all walks of life taking direct and consequential voluntary action in their communities to solve serious social problems.
The President focused great attention on these individuals and organizations, both to honor them for their tremendous work and to call the nation to join them and multiply their efforts.
By the end of his administration, President Bush had recognized 1, Daily Points of Light representing all 50 states and addressing issues ranging from care for infants and teenagers with AIDS to adult illiteracy and from gang violence to job training for the homeless.
In addition to his two Supreme Court appointments, Bush appointed 42 judges to the United States Courts of Appeals , and judges to the United States district courts.
Among these appointments was Vaughn R. Walker , who would later be revealed to be the earliest known gay federal judge. In the s, Panamanian leader Manuel Noriega , a once U.
Reagan sent more than 2, American troops to Panama as well. In May , Panama held democratic elections, in which Guillermo Endara was elected president; the results were then annulled by Noriega's government.
In response, Bush sent 2, more troops to the country, where they began conducting regular military exercises in Panamanian territory in violation of prior treaties.
Bush then removed an embassy and ambassador from the country, and dispatched additional troops to Panama to prepare the way for an upcoming invasion.
The mission was controversial, but American forces achieved control of the country and Endara assumed the presidency. The administration had been under intense pressure to meet with the Soviets, but not all initially found the Malta Summit to be a step in the right direction; General Brent Scowcroft , among others, was apprehensive about the meeting, saying that it might be "premature" due to concerns where, according to Condoleezza Rice , "expectations [would be] set that something was going to happen, where the Soviets might grandstand and force [the U.
And we would like our relations to develop in such a way that they would open greater possibilities for cooperation This is just the beginning.
We are just at the very beginning of our road, long road to a long-lasting, peaceful period. The treaty took nine years in the making and was the first major arms agreement since the signing of the Intermediate Ranged Nuclear Forces Treaty by Reagan and Gorbachev in On August 2, , Iraq, led by Saddam Hussein , invaded its oil-rich neighbor to the south, Kuwait ; Bush condemned the invasion  and began rallying opposition to Iraq in the US and among European, Asian, and Middle Eastern allies.
Iraq made attempts to negotiate a deal that would allow the country to take control of half of Kuwait. Bush rejected this proposal and insisted on a complete withdrawal of Iraqi forces.
Congress regarding the authorization of air and land attacks, laying out four immediate objectives: Kuwait's legitimate government must be restored.
The security and stability of the Persian Gulf must be assured. And American citizens abroad must be protected. An era in which the nations of the world, East and West, North and South, can prosper and live in harmony A world where the rule of law supplants the rule of the jungle.
A world in which nations recognize the shared responsibility for freedom and justice. A world where the strong respect the rights of the weak.
Early on the morning of January 17, , allied forces launched the first attack, which included more than 4, bombing runs by coalition aircraft.
Allied forces penetrated Iraqi lines and pushed toward Kuwait City while on the west side of the country, forces were intercepting the retreating Iraqi army.
Bush made the decision to stop the offensive after a mere hours. Opponents further charged that Bush should have continued the attack, pushing Hussein's army back to Baghdad, then removing him from power.
We would have been forced to occupy Baghdad and, in effect, rule Iraq. Bush's approval ratings skyrocketed after the successful offensive.
The administration immediately returned to Arab-Israeli peacemaking following the end of the Gulf War; this resulted in the Madrid Conference , later in Faced with a humanitarian disaster in Somalia that was exacerbated by a complete breakdown in civil order, the United Nations had created the UNOSOM I mission in April to aid the situation through humanitarian efforts, though the mission failed.
He said that promises had been made that American jobs and technology would be safe and the proposal would bolster security for both the U.
On November 21, , Bush signed a measure that guaranteed reparations to Japanese-Americans who were relocated into internment camps during World War II.
On March 12, , Bush met for an hour with former Prime Minister of Japan Noboru Takeshita to discuss shared economic issues and "the fact that their solution will require extraordinary efforts on both sides of the Pacific.
The following day—which was the fiftieth anniversary of the attack—Bush accepted Japan's apology for the attack that drew the United States into World War II.
Bush urged that progress be made in improving relations between the U. On June 18, , White House Press Secretary Marlin Fitzwater confirmed President Bush had sent Prime Minister of Israel Yitzhak Shamir a letter in which he congratulated the latter on his election and urged him to support the proposed "Shamir initiative for peace", which would involve the participation of Palestinian Arabians in local elections.
The agreement would eliminate the majority of tariffs on products that were traded among the United States, Canada, and Mexico. This would encourage trade among the countries.
The treaty also restricted patents, copyrights, and trademarks, and outlined the removal of investment restrictions among the three countries.
Such authority would enable the president to negotiate a trade accord that would be submitted to Congress for a vote, thereby avoiding a situation in which the president would be required to renegotiate with trading partners those parts of an agreement that Congress wished to change.
President Clinton would go on to make the passage of NAFTA a priority for his administration, despite its conservative and Republican roots—with the addition of two side agreements—to achieve its passage in The treaty has since been defended as well as criticized further.
In keeping with tradition, Bush issued a series of pardons during his last days in office. On December 24, , he granted executive clemency to six former government employees implicated in the Iran-Contra scandal of the late s, most prominently former Secretary of Defense Caspar Weinberger.
In addition to Weinberger, Bush pardoned Duane R. Bush has received honorary degrees from several American and International Universities, including:.
In , Time magazine named him the Man of the Year. In , the U. Navy Memorial Foundation awarded Bush its Lone Sailor award for his naval service and his subsequent government service.
In early , Bush announced that he would seek a second term. A coalition victory in the Persian Gulf War and high approval ratings made re-election seem likely.
As a result, many leading Democrats declined to seek their party's presidential nomination. On the negative side, Bush's popularity was reduced by an economic recession and doubts of whether he properly ended the Gulf War.
Conservative political columnist Pat Buchanan challenged Bush for the Republican nomination. Bush responded by adopting more conservative positions on issues, in an attempt to undermine Buchanan's base.
Clinton attacked Bush as a politician who was not doing enough to assist the working middle-class and being "out of touch" with the common man, a notion reinforced by reporter Andrew Rosenthal 's false report that Bush was "astonished" to see a demonstration of a supermarket scanner.
In early , the race took an unexpected twist when Texas billionaire H. Ross Perot launched a third party bid, claiming that neither Republicans nor Democrats could eliminate the deficit and make government more efficient.
His message appealed to voters across the political spectrum disappointed with both parties' perceived fiscal irresponsibility.
Clinton had originally been in the lead, until Perot reentered, tightening the race significantly. Several key factors led to Bush's defeat.
The ailing economy that arose from recession may have been the main factor in Bush's loss. On Election Day, 7 in 10 voters said that the economy was either "not so good" or "poor".
Conservative Republicans pointed out that Bush's agreement to raise taxes contradicted his famous " Read my lips: In doing so, Bush alienated many members of his conservative base, losing their support for his re-election.
According to one survey, of the voters who cited Bush's broken "No New Taxes" pledge as "very important", two thirds voted for Bill Clinton.
George Bush was widely seen as a "pragmatic caretaker" president who lacked a unified and compelling long-term theme in his efforts.
His Ivy League and prep school education led to warnings by advisors that his image was too " preppy " in , which resulted in deliberate efforts in his campaign to shed the image, including meeting voters at factories and shopping malls, abandoning set speeches.
His ability to gain broad international support for the Gulf War and the war's result were seen as both a diplomatic and military triumph,  rousing bipartisan approval,  though his decision to withdraw without removing Saddam Hussein left mixed feelings, and attention returned to the domestic front and a souring economy.
Upon leaving office, Bush retired with his wife, Barbara, and temporarily moved into a friend's house near the Tanglewood community of Houston as they prepared to build a permanent retirement house nearby.
He was the third American president to receive the honor, the others being Dwight D. Eisenhower and Ronald Reagan.
In , Bush was targeted in an assassination plot when he visited Kuwait to commemorate the coalition's victory over Iraq in the Gulf War.
Kuwaiti authorities arrested 17 people who were allegedly involved in using a car bomb to kill Bush. Through interviews with the suspects and examinations of the bomb's circuitry and wiring, the FBI established that the plot had been directed by the Iraqi Intelligence Service.
A Kuwaiti court later convicted all but one of the defendants. Two months later, Clinton retaliated when he ordered the firing of 23 cruise missiles at Iraqi Intelligence Service headquarters in Baghdad.
The day before the strike, U. After the missiles were fired, Vice President Al Gore said the attack "was intended to be a proportionate response at the place where this plot" to assassinate Bush "was hatched and implemented".
In September , Bush and other living former presidents were invited back to the White House for an Arab-Israeli peace accord.
In April , Bush attended the funeral of Richard Nixon. In the gubernatorial elections, his sons George W. The elder Bush frequently telephoned campaign headquarters for updates on the race.
Proud father, is the way I would sum it all up. From to he served as the chairman of the board of trustees for Eisenhower Fellowships , and from to was chairman of the National Constitution Center.
On September 28, , Bush said he was opposed to sending American troops to Haiti , citing his loss of confidence in President of Haiti Jean-Bertrand Aristide while speaking to business and civic leaders in Houston.
In an October 22, speech in Cancun, Mexico , Bush said history would vindicate him for not attempting to force Saddam Hussein out of power while in office: The Arabs would never have talked to us.
On July 17, , Bush returned to the White House for the unveiling of his official portrait in an East Room ceremony attended by former members of his administration.
On July 26, , Bush met with Republican presidential candidate Bob Dole and pledged he would do everything in his power to aid in securing a victory for Dole in the upcoming presidential election.
Bush's experience with debating Clinton prompting Dole to seek out his advice. In February , Bush endorsed the chemical weapon banning treaty supported by United States Secretary of State Madeleine Albright , saying the US would need to approve the treaty ahead of the April deadline.
In April , Bush gave a speech at a convocation of a weekend conference analyzing his presidency  and joined President Bill Clinton , former President Ford, and Nancy Reagan in signing the "Summit Declaration of Commitment" in advocating for participation by private citizens in solving domestic issues within the United States.
In August , Bush agreed to be interviewed by The New York Times , as long as he would not be portrayed as giving credit to himself over the balanced budget deal that was composed by President Clinton and House Speaker Newt Gingrich.
During a telephone interview, he stated his belief that history would show that his administration laid the groundwork for the agreement.
President Bush is Honorary Chairman of Points of Light , an international nonprofit dedicated to engaging more people and resources in solving serious social problems through voluntary service.
In January , Bush spoke in the Old Senate chamber as part of a lecture series for Senators in an address warning against the collapse of political decorum and invasions into the privacy of individuals.
In April , Bush called for the release of former Chilean dictator Augusto Pinochet when Spain had him arrested and sought to try him for human rights violations.
His eldest son, George W. Bush , was inaugurated as the 43rd president of the United States on January 20, , and re-elected in Through previous administrations, the elder Bush had ubiquitously been known as "George Bush" or "President Bush", but following his son's election the need to distinguish between them has made retronymic forms such as "George H.
Bush" and "George Bush senior" and colloquialisms such as "Bush 41" and "Bush the Elder" much more common. Bush was traveling to Minnesota for a speaking engagement on the day of the September 11 attacks.
In December , George W. Following the fall of Baghdad, Bush praised George W. Despite Bush's political differences with Bill Clinton, reports have acknowledged that the two former presidents have become friends.
During an address at the University of Kansas on November 16, , Bush said that President-elect Obama would encounter diverse issues upon taking office and experience a wave of enthusiasm.
On January 10, , George H. I mean, that's not fair. It doesn't help the process. You're out there name-calling. So let them decide who they want to vote for and get on with it.
In October , Bush criticized the rampant criticism of the current times, reflecting that he did not receive such "day in and day out" during his presidency and named Keith Olbermann and Rachel Maddow of MSNBC as examples; he called the two "sick puppies.
Following in the footsteps of his father and grandfather, Bush was an avid golfer. In , he was inducted in the World Golf Hall of Fame.
On March 29, , Bush endorsed Mitt Romney for the Republican presidential nomination in the Presidential election.
In July , Bush had his head shaved in a show of support for the two-year-old son of a member of his security detail, who had leukemia.
In April , Frederick D. McClure, chief executive of the Bush library foundation, organized a three-day gathering in College Park, Texas , to mark the 25th anniversary of the Bush administration.
Also in early , the John F. Crocker , dean of the Bush school since January , Barbara Bush, and Curt Viebranz in attendance with the former president.
On June 12, , Bush fulfilled a long-standing promise by skydiving on his 90th birthday. He made the parachute jump from a helicopter near his home at The jump marked the eighth time the former president had skydived, including jumps on his 80th and 85th birthday as well.
In November , George W. Bush later said that he voted for the Democratic nominee, Hillary Clinton, in the general election instead of Trump. On August 16, , Bush and his son George W.
In , The New York Times revealed that Bush was suffering from Graves' disease , a non-contagious thyroid condition that his wife Barbara also had.
On February 24, , Bush was standing at a reception for 90 minutes when he felt lightheaded. He was admitted to a hospital with an irregular heartbeat.
On March 11, , Bush fainted on a golf course and was admitted to the Eisenhower Medical Center in Rancho Mirage , but was released the following morning.
Bush suffers from vascular parkinsonism , a form of Parkinson's disease that has forced him to use a motorized scooter or wheelchair since at least In July , Bush suffered a severe neck injury.
At age 91 in October that year, he was wearing a neck brace in his first public engagement since the accident when he threw the ceremonial first pitch for the Houston Astros at Minute Maid Park.
Bush wrote a letter to president-elect Donald Trump in January to inform him that because of his poor health, he would not be able to attend Trump's inauguration on January 20; he gave him his best wishes.
On January 18, he was admitted to the intensive care unit at Houston Methodist Hospital , where he was sedated for a procedure to treat an acute respiratory problem that was stemming from pneumonia.
On April 22, —the day after his wife's funeral—the former president was hospitalized with a blood infection. In October , during the MeToo movement , actress Heather Lind accused Bush of groping her and telling an inappropriate joke.
Several other women subsequently made similar allegations, including Christina Baker Kline and Roslyn Corrigan who was 16 years old at the time of the alleged incident.
Bush has apologized for these incidents through his spokesman, Jim McGrath. On November 25, , Bush became the longest-lived U.
He is also the first president to reach the age of 94, reaching that milestone on June 12, The George Bush Presidential Library is the nation's tenth presidential library and was built between and It contains the presidential and vice presidential papers of Bush and the vice presidential papers of Dan Quayle.
The graduate school is part of the presidential library complex, and offers four programs: From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the 41st President of the United States.
For his son, the 43rd President, see George W. Prescott Bush Dorothy Walker Bush. United States presidential election, Presidency of Ronald Reagan.
Presidency of George H. Bush Supreme Court candidates. List of federal judges appointed by George H. Foreign policy of the George H.
United States invasion of Panama. North American Free Trade Agreement. List of people pardoned by George H. This list is incomplete ; you can help by expanding it.
George Bush Presidential Library. Archived from the original on October 8, Retrieved March 29, The new bundle of joy is named after Jenna's grandfather and former President George H.
Bush, whose nickname growing up was "Poppy. Archived from the original on April 1, Archived from the original on April 10, Retrieved 25 July Retrieved January 10, Little, Brown and Company.
Life Before the Presidency". Miller Center, the University of Virginia. Retrieved April 24, Bush and Barbara Pierce are wed: Retrieved November 17, Retrieved November 14, The Education of the Presidents".
Retrieved July 30, Archived from the original on March 8, Smith June 26, Retrieved June 1, Scholastic Library Publishing, Inc. Archived from the original on June 15, George Bush Presidential Library and Museum.
A Portrait of My Father. Crown Publishers, , p. Archived from the original on November 1, The American Presidents Series.
Times Books, Henry Holt and Company. Retrieved April 20, Retrieved August 13, Retrieved March 19, Retrieved March 9, Under sin presidenttid kallades George H.
Bush vanligtvis för George Bush, utan initialer. Sedan hans son George W. Bush blev vald till framträdande politiska poster, utnyttjas initialerna H.
Det förekommer även att de omnämns som "Bush Senior" och "Bush Junior" respektive "Bush 41" och "Bush 43" nummerordningen bland landets presidenter.
Kort efter hans födelse flyttade familjen till Greenwich, Connecticut. Han namngavs efter sin morfar George Herbert Walker. Han tjänstgjorde under perioden augusti — september De fick sex barn, däribland USA: Bush äldst i syskonskaran och förre Florida -guvernören Jeb Bush.
Andra barnet, Pauline Robinson "Robin" Bush, dog i leukemi Under tiden vid Yale var han, i likhet med sin far före honom, medlem i det hemliga sällskapet Skull and Bones.
Efter utbildningen vid Yale flyttade Bush till Texas och inledde en karriär i oljeindustrin , inledningsvis som försäljare. Bush upp som republikansk kandidat i valet till USA: Det var därför de hade uppmuntrat honom att ställa upp i senatsvalen.
Han hade exempelvis vunnit det viktiga första i primärvalet i Iowa. Den 20 januari svors George H.
Bush in som USA: