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Buy apartment BUY Germany: Posted by Admin Thursday, March 8, 2: Rate this Content 0. The Renault-AMC marketing effort in passenger cars was not successful compared to the popularity for Jeep vehicles.

This was because by the time the Renault range was ready, the second energy crisis was over, taking with it much of the desire for economical, compact cars.

One exception was the Renault Alliance an Americanised version of the Renault 9 , which debuted for the model year. In , Motor Trend did away with separate awards for domestic and imported vehicles.

However, Renault quickly became the target of customer complaints for poor quality and sales plummeted. Renault imports ended after A completely new full-sized 4-door sedan, the Eagle Premier , was developed during the partnership between AMC and Renault.

The Premier design, as well as its state-of-the-art manufacturing facility in Bramalea , Ontario, Canada, were the starting point for the sleek LH sedans such as the Eagle Vision and Chrysler M.

In the late seventies and early eighties, Renault increased its involvement in motorsport, with novel inventions such as turbochargers in their Formula One cars.

Renault's Head of Engines, Georges Douin, orchestrated the installation of turbocharged engines across much of the Renault range beginning in The second-generation Renault 5, the European Car of the Year-winning Renault 9 , and the most luxurious Renault yet, the aerodynamic 25 , were all released in the early s.

At the same time, poor product quality damaged the brand. The ill-fated Renault 14 may have been the culmination of these problems in the early s.

Renaults were somewhat successful on both road and track, including the Espace launch, which was Europe's first multi-purpose vehicle, a dozen years before any competitor.

The government intervened and Georges Besse was installed as chairman; he set about cutting costs dramatically, selling many of Renault's non-core assets Volvo stake, Gitane , Eurocar and Renix , withdrawing almost entirely from motorsports , and laying off many employees.

The Renault 9 , a small four-door family saloon, was voted European Car of the Year on its launch. It sold well in France , but was eventually eclipsed by its sister vehicle, the Renault 11 hatchback, as the hatchback bodystyle became more popular on this size of car.

The Renault 5 entered its second generation in and continued to sell well. The long-running Renault 18 was replaced by the Renault 21 early in , adding a seven-seater estate badged as the Nevada or Savanna depending on where it was sold.

Renault's top of the range model in the s was the Renault 25 , launched at the end of In , Renault strengthened its collaboration with Volvo by signing an agreement that allowed both companies to reduce vehicle conception costs and purchasing expenses.

Renault had access to Volvo expertise in upper market segments and in return Volvo exploited Renault designs for low and medium segments.

In , the two companies announced their intention to merge operations by 1 January and increased their cross-shareholding.

The French accepted the merger, while Volvo shareholders rejected it. A revitalised Renault launched successful new cars in the early s, accompanied by an improved marketing effort on European markets, [63] including the 5 replacement, the Clio in May The Clio was voted European Car of the Year soon after its launch, and was one of Europe's best selling cars in the s, proving even more popular than its predecessor.

Other important launches included the third-generation Espace in and the innovative Twingo in , the first car to be marketed as a city car MPV.

The Twingo was roomier than any prior cars of its size range. Twingo sales reached 2. It was eventually decided that the company's state-owned status was a detriment.

By , plans to sell shares to public investors were officially announced. Renault's financial problems were not all fixed by the privatisation, and Renault's President, Louis Schweitzer gave to his then deputy, Carlos Ghosn , the task of confronting them.

Ghosn elaborated a plan to cut costs for the period —, reducing the workforce, revising production processes, standardising vehicle parts and pushing the launch of new models.

The company also undertook organisational changes, introducing a lean production system with delegate responsibilities inspired by Japanese systems the "Renault Production Way" , reforming work methods and centralising research and development at its Technocentre to reduce vehicle conception costs while accelerating such conception.

After Volvo's exit, Renault searched for a new partner to cope with an industry that was consolidating.

Renault initially acquired a Renault continued to operate as a stand-alone company, but with the intent to collaborate with its alliance partner to reduce costs.

In , Renault acquired a controlling stake of the South Korean Samsung Group 's automotive division. In Japan, Renault was formerly licensed by Yanase Co.

However, as a result of Renault's purchase of interest in Nissan in , Yanase cancelled its licensing contract with Renault in the spring of , and Nissan Motor Co.

In the late s and early s, Renault sold various assets to finance its inversions and acquisitions, [72] refocusing itself as a car and van manufacturer.

In Renault reduced its participation to 6. In the twenty-first century, Renault developed a reputation for distinctive, outlandish design.

As well as its distinctive styling, Renault was to become known for its car safety by the independent company EuroNCAP [76] Thus, in , the Laguna achieved a five-star rating, [76] followed in by the Modus.

In April , Renault—Nissan announced an alliance with Daimler. Renault supplied Mercedes-Benz with its brand new 1.

In February , Renault opened a new production factory near Tangier , Morocco , with an annual output capacity of , vehicles. The output capacity increased to , vehicles per year with the inauguration of a second production line.

Renault expects to eventually increase production at the Tangier plant to , vehicles per year. The production output was estimated at 25, vehicles.

In September , Renault launched its brand in Indonesia , the world's fourth most populous country, with the aim of becoming one of the top European brands there until During , Renault changed position on the viability of small B-segment diesel cars in Europe, as they become significantly more expensive when re-engineered to comply with new emissions regulations as a result of the Volkswagen emissions scandal.

Renault believes that all small and some mid-size C-segment will no longer be diesels by Independent tests carried out by the German car club ADAC proved that, under normal driving conditions, diesel vehicles, including the Renault Espace , exceeded legal European emission limits for nitrogen oxide NO x by more than 10 times.

On 12 May , one of the Renault manufacturing plants' computer networks was attacked by a malware known as WannaCry resulting in its shut down for one day.

The production of at least 1, vehicles was halted. Renault took part in motorsport at the beginning of the 20th century, promoted by Marcel Renault 's racing interests and over the years acquired companies with a sporting connection such as Gordini and Alpine.

Renault achieved success in both rallying and in Formula One over decades. The company has also backed various one-make single-seater series such as Formula Renault and the Formula Renault 3.

Renault introduced the turbo engine to Formula One when they debuted their first car, the Renault RS01 at Silverstone in The Renault team continued until From Renault supplied engines to the successful Williams-Renault car.

Renault took over the Benetton Formula team in [] for the season and renamed it Renault F1 in In and the team won the Constructors' and Drivers' titles with Fernando Alonso.

Renault powered the winning Red Bull Racing team, and took a similar role with its old team in December , when it sold its final stake to the investment group Genii Capital , the main stakeholder [] since December , [] ending Renault's direct role in running a F1 team for the second time.

Renault has been involved in rallying from an early era. During the s and s, Renault manufactured several small cars with rear wheel drive in some cases, as the 4CV , the R8 or the Dauphine.

These cars were well-adapted to the rally of the time, and the tuner Amedee Gordini collaborated with its performance.

In , Renault took control of Automobiles Alpine , a related company for several years, which was responsible for building successful rally cars such as the A In , the Alpine's competition department and the Gordini factory at Viry-Chatillon were merged into Renault Sport.

Renault cars also participate of cross-country races, most prominently the Dakar Rally. The Marreau brothers won the edition driving a Renault 20 Turbo 4x4 prototype.

Later, Renault provided a Renault Megane platform [ citation needed ] and sponsored the Schlesser -Renault Elf buggies that won the [] and editions.

Renaults won the European Rally Championship four times, in , , and Renault's head office is in Boulogne-Billancourt.

Renault is administered through a board of directors, an executive committee and a management committee. Current model line up, with calendar year of introduction or most recent facelift: Dacia vehicles, sold in some markets under the Renault marque:.

Renault Samsung vehicles, sold in some markets under the Renault marque:. Renault light commercial vehicles:. Renault concept cars show future design and technology directions.

Since , Renault has displayed various all-electric car concepts under the name "Z. Further concepts and announcements followed, with production of the Fluence Z.

Renault revealed the Ondelios hybrid concept in However, Renault presented a new hybrid car in September , the Eolab , which incorporates various innovations that the company said will be added to production models by In , Renault became the leader of electric vehicles sales in Europe, thanks to its large range of vehicles Twizy, Zoe, Fluence, Kangoo.

Beginning in , Renault made agreements for its planned zero-emissions products, including with Israel , Portugal , Denmark and the US states of Tennessee and Oregon , [] Yokohama in Japan and the Principality of Monaco.

In , Renault—Nissan signed a deal to produce electric cars for an initiative in Israel with Better Place , a US company developing new non-petroleum—based transport infrastructure.

Renault aimed to sell 10—20, cars a year in Israel. It became the first zero-emission vehicle with a switchable battery, [] with trials in undertaken with the Renault Laguna.

Renault ended the partnership in , following Better Place's bankruptcy, with only 1, vehicle sales in Israel and in Denmark. The partnership planned to pilot projects on battery management and charging infrastructure.

According to Ghosn, the Renault—Nissan alliance was a fundamental step in electric car development, and that they needed each other for other issues such as battery manufacturing, charging infrastructure and business strategy.

The Renault Zoe, with 18, registrations, was the top selling all-electric car in Europe in The chairman of Judges, George Emmerson, commented, "This was the most hotly contested category in the history of the Fleet World Honours, such is the clamour for organizations' green credentials to be recognised.

There were some very impressive entries, but the panel felt that Renault's impressive range of low-emission vehicles was the most tangible, and the most quantifiable.

Renault plans to introduce autonomous vehicle technology by The company unveiled a prototype, the Next Two based on the Zoe , in February During its early years, Renault only manufactured the cars' chassis , while the bodywork was completed by coachbuilders.

The first car with Renault's bodywork was the "Taxi de la Marne" introduced in In the s, Renault developed streamlined cars as the Viva Grand Sport.

In the s, the company worked with Ghia designers. In , with the assistance of the independent designer Philippe Charbonneaux responsible for the R8 , the company created Renault Styling as a design department, led by Gaston Juchet since The new division incorporated a new management system, with more technology and personnel.

Renault gave it the same importance as Engineering and Product Planning, participating in product development. The group was organized in three sections: During the next years, satellite centres opened in Spain , Paris , South Korea , Romania , India [] [] and Brazil Most of Renault engineering was decentralised until , when the Technocentre became the main Renault's engineering facility.

The Renault Technocentre French pronunciation: It is located in Guyancourt. It covers hectares acres [] and integrates all departments involved in developing products and industrial processes design, engineering and product planning as well as supplier representatives.

The Technocentre gathers more than 8, employees [] and comprises three main sections: The Advance Precinct, The Hive and the prototype build centre.

The Advance Precinct, a stepped structure surrounded by a lake, has design studios and other departments related to early design stages.

The Hive is the tallest structure and includes research and engineering facilities dedicated to the development process of new vehicles.

The prototype build centre is an extension of The Hive. The three main structures are accompanied by smaller technical buildings.

The Technocentre was one of the first enterprises to have real-time life-size 3D modelling systems. It was established in and is in charge of modifying cars and vans for special purposes mobility cars , driver's school cars, and business fleets.

After severing its original ties with Fiat, the company had little success in forming an alliance with various firms. After several rounds of talks, interrupted by VAZ's attempts to ally with Fiat and Magna , Renault agreed to the partnership under terms similar to its Nissan deal.

The majority of the company's production at its Busan plant is exported under the Renault badge. Renault Retail Group is Renault's wholly owned automobile distributor for Europe.

Renault has a Some passenger cars have also been badged-engineered, such as the Renault Clio-based Nissan Platina in Brazil. The alliance led to the loss of 21, jobs, the closure of three assembly and two powertrain plants.

The Renault Fluence and Renault Koleos are intended to be assembled there from completely knocked-down units. On 30 June , the media reported that General Motors convened an emergency board meeting to discuss a proposal by shareholder Kirk Kerkorian to form an alliance with Renault- Nissan.

Talks between GM and Renault ended on 4 October In , Renault-Nissan entered talks with Indian manufacturer Bajaj Auto to develop a new ultra-low-cost car along the lines of the Tata Nano.

The proposed joint venture did not come to fruition and in late they companies announced that Bajaj would develop and manufacturer the vehicle and supply Renault-Nissan with completed cars.

On 7 October a Renault executive said the company was interested in acquiring or partnering with Chrysler. In , two Renault models were among the most numerous on British roads: The first Renaults to sustain sales in the UK were the Renault 5 and Renault 18, both of which attained six-digit sales figures during the late s and early s.

In , Renault commissioned British architect Norman Foster , to build the Renault Centre , an award-winning [] office and distribution centre in Swindon.

It was easily identified by the extensive use of the corporate Renault yellow. Renault enjoyed greater popularity with the arrival of the Clio supermini in March It was regularly among the best sellers during the s.

In , however, sales grew, making it Britain's sixth-best selling car and the second most popular in its sector. In Renault was Britain's third most popular brand, surpassed only by Ford and Vauxhall.

This was intended for members of the British Airline Pilots Association. Three were legitimate, because they had "made a profit of some sort on every vehicle".

Two Renault employees were criticised, for having "turned a blind eye" to the very large number of orders. During , however, as the economy returned to growth, Renault sold more than 95, cars and increased its market share to 4.

Renault models have won the European Car of the Year award six times in the last forty years:. Renault cars have won numerous national-level awards in Spain, Australia, Ireland, the United States, [58] [] Denmark, and elsewhere.

Renault and its Dacia subsidiary have won three "Autobest" car of the year awards for the Duster, Logan, and Symbol models.

Under the patronage of the Italian Ministry of Culture , in the edition of the Corporate Art Awards Renault received by pptArt the award for its Art Collection that inspired the creativity of its car designers.

Renault markets its products under five marques: Renault's first badge was introduced in and consisted in the Renault brothers' intertwined initials.

When the company started mass production in , it adopted a gear-shaped logo with a car inside it. In it introduced a new circle-shaped badge, which was replaced by the "diamond" or lozenge in The Renault diamond logo has been through many iterations.

The transformed logo maintained the diamond shape. The design was later revised to reflect the more rounded lines of the brand's new styling cues.

The logo for web and print use was updated three times thereafter. In April , Renault introduced new designs to differentiate the company from the product brand, as part of the 'Passion for life' campaign.

The new brand logo replaced the yellow background with a yellow stripe. A new typeface was also introduced. The yellow associated with the company appeared initially in the diamond badge of , when Renault was nationalised.

Renault diamond with a 3D effect, by Victor Vasarely — Both the Renault logo and its documentation technical as well as commercial historically used Renault MN, a custom typeface developed by British firm Wolff Olins.

This type family is said to have been designed mainly to save costs at a time where the use of typefaces was costly. The family consists of six fonts in three weights Life, Regular, and Bold and one width, with complimentary italic.

Renault's flagship showroom, L'Atelier Renault French pronunciation: It opened in November , located on the site of Pub Renault, which operated from to The first Renault venue at the location was the Magasin Renault in , a pioneering car showroom.

L'Atelier features a Renault Boutique as well as regular exhibitions featuring Renault and Dacia cars. The ground floor can hold up to five exhibitions at any one time.

As of March , 20 million visitors had visited L'Atelier Renault. Renault Classic is a department within Renault that seeks to collect, preserve and exhibit notable vehicles from the company's history.

Throughout the s and s, Renault's European advertising made extensive use of Robert Palmer 's song " Johnny and Mary ". Renault has sponsored films as an advertising technique since Through its foundations and institutes, Renault funds projects around the world that focus on: From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

For other uses, see Renault disambiguation. Not to be confused with Renaud. Drive the future corporate Passion for life Renault marque.

Renault headquarters in Boulogne-Billancourt , France. Renault Sport and Formula Renault. Renault in Formula One. List of Renault vehicles. Duster —present Logan —present Sandero —present Lodgy —present Renault Samsung vehicles, sold in some markets under the Renault marque: List of Renault vehicles: Renault—Nissan Alliance zero-emission vehicles.

This section about the infotainment system R-Link of Renault relies too much on references to primary sources. Please improve this section about the infotainment system R-Link of Renault by adding secondary or tertiary sources.

March Learn how and when to remove this template message. This section with source from EC may rely excessively on sources too closely associated with the subject , potentially preventing the article from being verifiable and neutral.

Please help improve it by replacing them with more appropriate citations to reliable, independent, third-party sources. Can anyone succeed Carlos Ghosn?

Retrieved 26 February World ranking of manufacturers year " PDF. Retrieved 14 October Retrieved 18 February Retrieved 2 March L'aventure des entrepreneurs [ The entrepreneurs' adventure ].

Studyrama perspectives in French. The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 24 February Retrieved 15 June Archived from the original on 24 February Retrieved 22 February These four vehicles will cover a range of uses and customers who will nonetheless all have one thing in common: The first will be the electric version of Fluence which will initially be available in Israel and Europe.

The second will be an electric version of Renault Kangoo Express, intended primarily for fleet and business use. The range of electric vehicles will then expand to cover other segments, with two vehicles that will be designed from scratch as electric vehicles.

Derived from the Twizy Z. Concept, the third vehicle will target urban mobility. The fourth vehicle, which takes it inspiration from Zoe Z.

Concept, will go on sale at the beginning of and will be a multi-purpose daily driver for built-up areas. Old time classic cars, — Harvard Studies in Business.

Retrieved 15 April Renault celebrates a century of Grand Prix Victories". Retrieved 1 March Retrieved 7 September Archived from the original on 10 January Archived from the original on 24 December New York State Military Museum.

Retrieved 21 June International Directory of Company Histories. Farm tractors in color. Retrieved 20 April Archived from the original PDF on 18 February Restructuring in the auto industry: Archived PDF from the original on 4 March Infantry and Battle Tanks.

Archived from the original on 20 November Retrieved 3 December Society for French Historical Studies. The New York Times.

Retrieved 11 February Language, politics, and society, p. The activities of Louis Renault led to the spectacular expropriation of his company by the State; what is less well known is that he died in prison awaiting trial, and therefore was never convicted.

The car manufacturer Marius Berliet suffered the same fate of expropriation. At his trial in September , Berliet claimed in his defence that his company had produced few cars for the German occupants than any other car producer: This compared to Renault which had delivered 32, vehicles to the Germans and only to French clients, a pattern followed by Citroen 32, produced for Germans and only for French clients Aron, Managers at Renault claimed for their part, that they had deliberately slowed down production, producing fewer vehicles than the target of 41, vehicles imposed by the German occupants.

The argument, however, cut no ice with the Confederation Generale du Travail CVT , who maintained that the go-slow had been organised by the workers, not the management.

Louis Renault may have been punished more for his attitudes than his actions, which were mirrored by those of many other employers. Robert Aron reports that when a Gaullist seeking his support for the Free French, Renault is alleged to have replied "De Gaulle connais pas!

Renault 8 Gordini, the first 'GTi'". Pictures and summary at p. Retrieved 28 April

Renault Siegen Video

19-Jähriger bei Frontalunfall schwer verletzt (Siegen/NRW)

Renault siegen -

Kraftstoffart Diesel 6 Benzin 5. Diese Seite verwendet Cookies. Nachrichten zu Renault Megane. Am Klafelder Markt 14 Siegen. Ehepaar um 80 Euro erleichtert: Unsere neue App DriveSprit verrät dir die Spritpreise deiner Stammtankstellen in Echtzeit und sagt dir, ob sie gerade günstig oder teuer sind.

Buy Logan with mileage on Craigslist. Popular in the line of cars Renault — Duster and the updated Logan. Both cars in Siegen won the hearts of many motorists.

Both cars have all the necessary amenities and different a high build quality. You should to tell about each of the cars at the separately.

Updated Logan one of the best budget sedans in the city of Siegen. It brings together all features that are inherent to any the car class above: Logan is a comfortable car that is provided by the nice ride great with the handling and ergonomics of the cabin.

Access 82 HP and 5-speed manual transmission Privilege 82 and HP with all types of boxes Lux Privilege 82 and HP and all types of boxes Confort 82 and HP with 5-speed manual transmission and automatic transmission.

A typical configuration Luxe Privilege Privilege and have a number of needed options: Renault specifications and prices photo. Primarily this is due to the acceptable price.

Despite this, the Duster has excellent specifications and high build quality. High ground clearance and high-quality engine enable motorists feel confident in the city and country.

Body Renault Sandero Stepvey. The car comes with a mechanical and automatic transmission. There are versions with full and partial drive.

The purchaser of the Duster in Siegen will delight as the maximum Luxe Privilege and the budget Authentique accessories.

I decided to purchase the best Renault car in Siegen? Then set up a test drive and the purchase. Here on the website complete the application and answer the incoming call.

Spend a test drive and order to the Renault car. Pay for the acquisition in any suitable form. Excellent sedan in Siegen updated Logan reliable, stylish, roomy!

To choose car To complete request To expect a call specialist To do a test drive in the car Arrange and pay for the purchase of Renault car As to buy car Renault?

In , Louis signed one of its first distribution contracts with Gustave Gueudet, an entrepreneur from northern France.

The pre-First World War cars had a distinctive front shape caused by positioning the radiator behind the engine to give a so-called "coalscuttle" bonnet.

This continued through the s. The bonnet badge changed from circular to the familiar and continuing diamond shape in Renault introduced new models at the Paris Motor Show that was held in September or October of the year.

This led to confusion about model years. For example, a "" model was mostly produced in Renault cars ranged from small to very large.

Renault offered eight body styles. The larger chassis were available to coachbuilders. The most expensive body style in each range was the closed car.

Roadsters and tourers torpedoes were the cheapest. The London operation was important to Renault in The UK market was quite large and "colonial" modified vehicles were dispatched from there to North America.

Lifted suspensions, enhanced cooling and special bodies were common on vehicles sold abroad. Cars were conservatively engineered and built.

The Vivasix, model PG1, was sold as the "executive sports" model beginning in Lighter weight factory steel bodies powered by a 3, cubic centimetre cc six-cylinder motor provided a formula that lasted until the Second World War.

The "de Grand Luxe Renaults", those with a wheelbase over foot 3. The 8-cylinder Reinastella was introduced in and expanded to a range culminating in the Suprastella.

Coachbuilders included Kellner, Labourdette, J. Rothschild et Fils and Renault bodies. Closed car Renault bodies were often trimmed with interior woodwork by Rothschild.

In , Renault introduced an upgraded specification to its "Stella" line. The Vivastella 's and Grand Renaults had upgraded interior fittings and a small star fitted above the front hood logo.

This proved to be a winning differentiator and in the s all cars changed to the Stella suffix from the previous two alpha character model identifiers.

The Grand Renaults were built using a considerable amount of aluminium. Engines, brakes, transmissions, floor and running boards and all external body panels were aluminium.

Of the few that were built, many went to scrap to aid the war effort. In , Renault introduced diesel engines for its commercial vehicles.

Renault was one of the few French vehicle manufacturers that pursued the production of aircraft engines after World War I.

Renault continued developing tanks as part of France's rearming effort, including the D1 and the FT's replacement, the R Renault was finally affected by the economic crisis in The company sold Caudron and spun off its foundry and aircraft engine divisions into related but autonomous operations, keeping its core automotive business.

After the French capitulation in , Louis Renault refused to produce tanks for Nazi Germany , which took control of his factories.

He produced trucks instead. A few weeks after the Liberation of Paris , at the start of September , the factory gates at Renault's Billancourt plant reopened.

The political jostling and violence that followed liberation ostensibly reflected the rivalries between capitalist collaboration and communist resistance, many of the scores settled predated the invasion.

Responding to the chaotic situation at Renault, a 27 September meeting of the Council of Ministers fr took place under de Gaulle's presidency.

Postwar European politics had quickly become polarised between communists and anti-communists, and in France de Gaulle was keen to resist Communist Party attempts to monopolise the political dividends available to resistance heroes: The government decided to "requisition" the Renault factories.

Meanwhile, the provisional government accused Louis Renault of collaborating with the Germans. In the frenzied atmosphere of those early post-liberation days, with many wild accusations, Renault was advised by his lawyers to present himself to a judge.

He appeared before Judge Marcel Martin, on 22 September [39] and was arrested on 23 September , as were several other French automobile-industry leaders.

On 1 January , by de Gaulle's decree, the company was posthumously expropriated from Louis Renault. In , and again in , the Courts responded that they had no authority to review the government's actions.

Under the leadership of Pierre Lefaucheux , Renault experienced both a commercial resurgence and labor unrest , that was to continue into the s.

In secrecy during the war, Louis Renault had developed the rear engine 4CV [47] which was subsequently launched under Lefacheux in The 4CV proved a capable rival for cars such as the Morris Minor and Volkswagen Beetle ; its sales of more than half a million ensured its production until After the success of the 4CV, Lefacheux continued to defy the postwar French Ministry of Industrial Production , which had wanted to convert Renault solely to truck manufacture, [48] by directing the development of its successor.

He oversaw the prototyping of the Dauphine until his death , enlisting the help of artist Paule Marrot in pioneering the company's textile and color division.

The Dauphine sold well as the company expanded production and sales further abroad, including Africa and North America.

Renault also sold the Renault Caravelle roadster, which was called the Floride outside North America. The company achieved success with the more modern and more upmarket Renault 16 , a pioneering hatchback launched in , followed by the smaller Renault 6.

The s had been a decade of aggressive growth: The four-door Renault 12 model fit between the Renault 6 and Renault The model was a success. The company's compact and economical Renault 5 model, launched in January , [52] was another success, anticipating the energy crisis.

During the mid-seventies the already broad-based company diversified into more industries and continued to expand globally, including South East Asia.

The energy crisis led Renault to again attempt to attack the North American market. Despite the Dauphine's success in the United States in the late s and an unsuccessful assembly project in Saint-Bruno-de-Montarville, Quebec —72 , Renault began to disappear from North America at the end of the decade.

Renault partnered with AMC on other projects, such as a rotary concept engine in the late s. In the late s and s, the company established subsidiaries in Eastern Europe , most notably Dacia in Romania, and South America many of which remain active and forged technological cooperation agreements with Volvo and Peugeot , [54] for instance, for the development of the PRV V6 engine, which was used in Renault 30 , Peugeot , and Volvo in the late s.

In the mids, Renault Australia was set up in Melbourne. The unit closed in Renault Australia also built and marketed Peugeots.

From , they assembled Ford Cortina station wagons under contract — the loss of this contract ended the factory. In , Renault produced 2,, cars and LCVs.

To protect its investment, Renault bailed AMC out with cash — at the price of a controlling The partnership resulted in the marketing of Jeep vehicles in Europe.

Part of AMC's overall strategy was to save manufacturing cost by using Renault parts and engineering expertise when practical.

The Renault-AMC marketing effort in passenger cars was not successful compared to the popularity for Jeep vehicles. This was because by the time the Renault range was ready, the second energy crisis was over, taking with it much of the desire for economical, compact cars.

One exception was the Renault Alliance an Americanised version of the Renault 9 , which debuted for the model year. In , Motor Trend did away with separate awards for domestic and imported vehicles.

However, Renault quickly became the target of customer complaints for poor quality and sales plummeted. Renault imports ended after A completely new full-sized 4-door sedan, the Eagle Premier , was developed during the partnership between AMC and Renault.

The Premier design, as well as its state-of-the-art manufacturing facility in Bramalea , Ontario, Canada, were the starting point for the sleek LH sedans such as the Eagle Vision and Chrysler M.

In the late seventies and early eighties, Renault increased its involvement in motorsport, with novel inventions such as turbochargers in their Formula One cars.

Renault's Head of Engines, Georges Douin, orchestrated the installation of turbocharged engines across much of the Renault range beginning in The second-generation Renault 5, the European Car of the Year-winning Renault 9 , and the most luxurious Renault yet, the aerodynamic 25 , were all released in the early s.

At the same time, poor product quality damaged the brand. The ill-fated Renault 14 may have been the culmination of these problems in the early s.

Renaults were somewhat successful on both road and track, including the Espace launch, which was Europe's first multi-purpose vehicle, a dozen years before any competitor.

The government intervened and Georges Besse was installed as chairman; he set about cutting costs dramatically, selling many of Renault's non-core assets Volvo stake, Gitane , Eurocar and Renix , withdrawing almost entirely from motorsports , and laying off many employees.

The Renault 9 , a small four-door family saloon, was voted European Car of the Year on its launch. It sold well in France , but was eventually eclipsed by its sister vehicle, the Renault 11 hatchback, as the hatchback bodystyle became more popular on this size of car.

The Renault 5 entered its second generation in and continued to sell well. The long-running Renault 18 was replaced by the Renault 21 early in , adding a seven-seater estate badged as the Nevada or Savanna depending on where it was sold.

Renault's top of the range model in the s was the Renault 25 , launched at the end of In , Renault strengthened its collaboration with Volvo by signing an agreement that allowed both companies to reduce vehicle conception costs and purchasing expenses.

Renault had access to Volvo expertise in upper market segments and in return Volvo exploited Renault designs for low and medium segments.

In , the two companies announced their intention to merge operations by 1 January and increased their cross-shareholding.

The French accepted the merger, while Volvo shareholders rejected it. A revitalised Renault launched successful new cars in the early s, accompanied by an improved marketing effort on European markets, [63] including the 5 replacement, the Clio in May The Clio was voted European Car of the Year soon after its launch, and was one of Europe's best selling cars in the s, proving even more popular than its predecessor.

Other important launches included the third-generation Espace in and the innovative Twingo in , the first car to be marketed as a city car MPV.

The Twingo was roomier than any prior cars of its size range. Twingo sales reached 2. It was eventually decided that the company's state-owned status was a detriment.

By , plans to sell shares to public investors were officially announced. Renault's financial problems were not all fixed by the privatisation, and Renault's President, Louis Schweitzer gave to his then deputy, Carlos Ghosn , the task of confronting them.

Ghosn elaborated a plan to cut costs for the period —, reducing the workforce, revising production processes, standardising vehicle parts and pushing the launch of new models.

The company also undertook organisational changes, introducing a lean production system with delegate responsibilities inspired by Japanese systems the "Renault Production Way" , reforming work methods and centralising research and development at its Technocentre to reduce vehicle conception costs while accelerating such conception.

After Volvo's exit, Renault searched for a new partner to cope with an industry that was consolidating. Renault initially acquired a Renault continued to operate as a stand-alone company, but with the intent to collaborate with its alliance partner to reduce costs.

In , Renault acquired a controlling stake of the South Korean Samsung Group 's automotive division.

In Japan, Renault was formerly licensed by Yanase Co. However, as a result of Renault's purchase of interest in Nissan in , Yanase cancelled its licensing contract with Renault in the spring of , and Nissan Motor Co.

In the late s and early s, Renault sold various assets to finance its inversions and acquisitions, [72] refocusing itself as a car and van manufacturer.

In Renault reduced its participation to 6. In the twenty-first century, Renault developed a reputation for distinctive, outlandish design.

As well as its distinctive styling, Renault was to become known for its car safety by the independent company EuroNCAP [76] Thus, in , the Laguna achieved a five-star rating, [76] followed in by the Modus.

In April , Renault—Nissan announced an alliance with Daimler. Renault supplied Mercedes-Benz with its brand new 1.

In February , Renault opened a new production factory near Tangier , Morocco , with an annual output capacity of , vehicles.

The output capacity increased to , vehicles per year with the inauguration of a second production line. Renault expects to eventually increase production at the Tangier plant to , vehicles per year.

The production output was estimated at 25, vehicles. In September , Renault launched its brand in Indonesia , the world's fourth most populous country, with the aim of becoming one of the top European brands there until During , Renault changed position on the viability of small B-segment diesel cars in Europe, as they become significantly more expensive when re-engineered to comply with new emissions regulations as a result of the Volkswagen emissions scandal.

Renault believes that all small and some mid-size C-segment will no longer be diesels by Independent tests carried out by the German car club ADAC proved that, under normal driving conditions, diesel vehicles, including the Renault Espace , exceeded legal European emission limits for nitrogen oxide NO x by more than 10 times.

On 12 May , one of the Renault manufacturing plants' computer networks was attacked by a malware known as WannaCry resulting in its shut down for one day.

The production of at least 1, vehicles was halted. Renault took part in motorsport at the beginning of the 20th century, promoted by Marcel Renault 's racing interests and over the years acquired companies with a sporting connection such as Gordini and Alpine.

Renault achieved success in both rallying and in Formula One over decades. The company has also backed various one-make single-seater series such as Formula Renault and the Formula Renault 3.

Renault introduced the turbo engine to Formula One when they debuted their first car, the Renault RS01 at Silverstone in The Renault team continued until From Renault supplied engines to the successful Williams-Renault car.

Renault took over the Benetton Formula team in [] for the season and renamed it Renault F1 in In and the team won the Constructors' and Drivers' titles with Fernando Alonso.

Renault powered the winning Red Bull Racing team, and took a similar role with its old team in December , when it sold its final stake to the investment group Genii Capital , the main stakeholder [] since December , [] ending Renault's direct role in running a F1 team for the second time.

Renault has been involved in rallying from an early era. During the s and s, Renault manufactured several small cars with rear wheel drive in some cases, as the 4CV , the R8 or the Dauphine.

These cars were well-adapted to the rally of the time, and the tuner Amedee Gordini collaborated with its performance. In , Renault took control of Automobiles Alpine , a related company for several years, which was responsible for building successful rally cars such as the A In , the Alpine's competition department and the Gordini factory at Viry-Chatillon were merged into Renault Sport.

Renault cars also participate of cross-country races, most prominently the Dakar Rally. The Marreau brothers won the edition driving a Renault 20 Turbo 4x4 prototype.

Later, Renault provided a Renault Megane platform [ citation needed ] and sponsored the Schlesser -Renault Elf buggies that won the [] and editions.

Renaults won the European Rally Championship four times, in , , and Renault's head office is in Boulogne-Billancourt.

Renault is administered through a board of directors, an executive committee and a management committee. Current model line up, with calendar year of introduction or most recent facelift: Dacia vehicles, sold in some markets under the Renault marque:.

Renault Samsung vehicles, sold in some markets under the Renault marque:. Renault light commercial vehicles:. Renault concept cars show future design and technology directions.

Since , Renault has displayed various all-electric car concepts under the name "Z. Further concepts and announcements followed, with production of the Fluence Z.

Renault revealed the Ondelios hybrid concept in However, Renault presented a new hybrid car in September , the Eolab , which incorporates various innovations that the company said will be added to production models by In , Renault became the leader of electric vehicles sales in Europe, thanks to its large range of vehicles Twizy, Zoe, Fluence, Kangoo.

Beginning in , Renault made agreements for its planned zero-emissions products, including with Israel , Portugal , Denmark and the US states of Tennessee and Oregon , [] Yokohama in Japan and the Principality of Monaco.

In , Renault—Nissan signed a deal to produce electric cars for an initiative in Israel with Better Place , a US company developing new non-petroleum—based transport infrastructure.

Renault aimed to sell 10—20, cars a year in Israel. It became the first zero-emission vehicle with a switchable battery, [] with trials in undertaken with the Renault Laguna.

Renault ended the partnership in , following Better Place's bankruptcy, with only 1, vehicle sales in Israel and in Denmark.

The partnership planned to pilot projects on battery management and charging infrastructure. According to Ghosn, the Renault—Nissan alliance was a fundamental step in electric car development, and that they needed each other for other issues such as battery manufacturing, charging infrastructure and business strategy.

The Renault Zoe, with 18, registrations, was the top selling all-electric car in Europe in The chairman of Judges, George Emmerson, commented, "This was the most hotly contested category in the history of the Fleet World Honours, such is the clamour for organizations' green credentials to be recognised.

There were some very impressive entries, but the panel felt that Renault's impressive range of low-emission vehicles was the most tangible, and the most quantifiable.

Renault plans to introduce autonomous vehicle technology by The company unveiled a prototype, the Next Two based on the Zoe , in February During its early years, Renault only manufactured the cars' chassis , while the bodywork was completed by coachbuilders.

The first car with Renault's bodywork was the "Taxi de la Marne" introduced in In the s, Renault developed streamlined cars as the Viva Grand Sport.

In the s, the company worked with Ghia designers. In , with the assistance of the independent designer Philippe Charbonneaux responsible for the R8 , the company created Renault Styling as a design department, led by Gaston Juchet since The new division incorporated a new management system, with more technology and personnel.

Renault gave it the same importance as Engineering and Product Planning, participating in product development. The group was organized in three sections: During the next years, satellite centres opened in Spain , Paris , South Korea , Romania , India [] [] and Brazil Most of Renault engineering was decentralised until , when the Technocentre became the main Renault's engineering facility.

The Renault Technocentre French pronunciation: It is located in Guyancourt. It covers hectares acres [] and integrates all departments involved in developing products and industrial processes design, engineering and product planning as well as supplier representatives.

The Technocentre gathers more than 8, employees [] and comprises three main sections: The Advance Precinct, The Hive and the prototype build centre.

The Advance Precinct, a stepped structure surrounded by a lake, has design studios and other departments related to early design stages. The Hive is the tallest structure and includes research and engineering facilities dedicated to the development process of new vehicles.

The prototype build centre is an extension of The Hive. The three main structures are accompanied by smaller technical buildings.

The Technocentre was one of the first enterprises to have real-time life-size 3D modelling systems. It was established in and is in charge of modifying cars and vans for special purposes mobility cars , driver's school cars, and business fleets.

After severing its original ties with Fiat, the company had little success in forming an alliance with various firms.

After several rounds of talks, interrupted by VAZ's attempts to ally with Fiat and Magna , Renault agreed to the partnership under terms similar to its Nissan deal.

The majority of the company's production at its Busan plant is exported under the Renault badge. Renault Retail Group is Renault's wholly owned automobile distributor for Europe.

Renault has a Some passenger cars have also been badged-engineered, such as the Renault Clio-based Nissan Platina in Brazil. The alliance led to the loss of 21, jobs, the closure of three assembly and two powertrain plants.

The Renault Fluence and Renault Koleos are intended to be assembled there from completely knocked-down units. On 30 June , the media reported that General Motors convened an emergency board meeting to discuss a proposal by shareholder Kirk Kerkorian to form an alliance with Renault- Nissan.

Talks between GM and Renault ended on 4 October In , Renault-Nissan entered talks with Indian manufacturer Bajaj Auto to develop a new ultra-low-cost car along the lines of the Tata Nano.

The proposed joint venture did not come to fruition and in late they companies announced that Bajaj would develop and manufacturer the vehicle and supply Renault-Nissan with completed cars.

On 7 October a Renault executive said the company was interested in acquiring or partnering with Chrysler. In , two Renault models were among the most numerous on British roads: The first Renaults to sustain sales in the UK were the Renault 5 and Renault 18, both of which attained six-digit sales figures during the late s and early s.

In , Renault commissioned British architect Norman Foster , to build the Renault Centre , an award-winning [] office and distribution centre in Swindon.

It was easily identified by the extensive use of the corporate Renault yellow. Renault enjoyed greater popularity with the arrival of the Clio supermini in March It was regularly among the best sellers during the s.

In , however, sales grew, making it Britain's sixth-best selling car and the second most popular in its sector. In Renault was Britain's third most popular brand, surpassed only by Ford and Vauxhall.

This was intended for members of the British Airline Pilots Association. Three were legitimate, because they had "made a profit of some sort on every vehicle".

Two Renault employees were criticised, for having "turned a blind eye" to the very large number of orders. During , however, as the economy returned to growth, Renault sold more than 95, cars and increased its market share to 4.

Renault models have won the European Car of the Year award six times in the last forty years:. Renault cars have won numerous national-level awards in Spain, Australia, Ireland, the United States, [58] [] Denmark, and elsewhere.

Renault and its Dacia subsidiary have won three "Autobest" car of the year awards for the Duster, Logan, and Symbol models.

Under the patronage of the Italian Ministry of Culture , in the edition of the Corporate Art Awards Renault received by pptArt the award for its Art Collection that inspired the creativity of its car designers.

Renault markets its products under five marques: Renault's first badge was introduced in and consisted in the Renault brothers' intertwined initials.

When the company started mass production in , it adopted a gear-shaped logo with a car inside it. In it introduced a new circle-shaped badge, which was replaced by the "diamond" or lozenge in The Renault diamond logo has been through many iterations.

The transformed logo maintained the diamond shape. The design was later revised to reflect the more rounded lines of the brand's new styling cues.

The logo for web and print use was updated three times thereafter. In April , Renault introduced new designs to differentiate the company from the product brand, as part of the 'Passion for life' campaign.

The new brand logo replaced the yellow background with a yellow stripe. A new typeface was also introduced. The yellow associated with the company appeared initially in the diamond badge of , when Renault was nationalised.

Renault diamond with a 3D effect, by Victor Vasarely — Both the Renault logo and its documentation technical as well as commercial historically used Renault MN, a custom typeface developed by British firm Wolff Olins.

This type family is said to have been designed mainly to save costs at a time where the use of typefaces was costly. The family consists of six fonts in three weights Life, Regular, and Bold and one width, with complimentary italic.

Renault's flagship showroom, L'Atelier Renault French pronunciation: It opened in November , located on the site of Pub Renault, which operated from to The first Renault venue at the location was the Magasin Renault in , a pioneering car showroom.

L'Atelier features a Renault Boutique as well as regular exhibitions featuring Renault and Dacia cars. The ground floor can hold up to five exhibitions at any one time.

As of March , 20 million visitors had visited L'Atelier Renault. Renault Classic is a department within Renault that seeks to collect, preserve and exhibit notable vehicles from the company's history.

Throughout the s and s, Renault's European advertising made extensive use of Robert Palmer 's song " Johnny and Mary ".

Renault has sponsored films as an advertising technique since Through its foundations and institutes, Renault funds projects around the world that focus on:

Twingo sales reached 2. The company has also backed various one-make single-seater series such as Formula Renault and the Formula Renault 3. The Grand Renaults were built using a considerable amount of aluminium. Retrieved 22 September The activities of Louis Renault led to the spectacular expropriation of his company by the State; what is less well known is that he died in BetPack Review – Expert Ratings and User Reviews awaiting trial, and therefore was never convicted. Renault also sold the Renault Caravelle roadster, which was called the Floride outside North America. These cars were well-adapted to the rally of the time, and the tuner Amedee Gordini collaborated with its performance. Archived from the original PDF on 10 November The Alliance also set an industry record ofEVs sold in a single year. Primarily this is renault siegen to captain cooks casino test 2019 online casinoland acceptable price. Headed for 100 free casino games Better Place". Retrieved 10 March The yellow associated with the company appeared initially in the diamond badge ofwhen Renault was nationalised. Pictures and summary at p. The milestone was achieved in August

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